History of the Uzbek dance


Fergana dance school
Fergana dance school is characterized by softness, smoothness and expressiveness of movements, by light sliding steps, original movements on one place and palms being opened upwards, by “speaking movements” and pantomimic elements.
As well, Fergana regional dances allow for frequent improvisation, because here great accent is made on feelings and emotions. Many dancing compositions are true small performances, sketches that illustrate different occasions from a young girl’s life – for example, bitter separation with the lovely one, or various routine situations – cotton gathering, silk cloth creation, bread baking.
One of the most popular dances of the Fergana valley is considered to be “Tanovar”. The word “tanovar” consists of two parts: “tan” that is body or soul, and “ovar” that is pleasure, thus, meaning “soul pleasure”. Each movement of this dance is a woman’s soul expression that tells about her love.

Bukhara dance school
Bukhara dance school unites dance traditions of Bukhara and Samarkand. Here also comic and circus elements can be seen. The movements in these dances are more abrupt, sometimes even resembling gymnastic ones; frequently shoulder shaking is present altogether with bending frontwards and backwards, as well as falling on the knees.
Dancers’ pliability is admirable and facial expressions add passion to each dance. The most well-known dances of Bukhara school are “Zamin bozi”, “Larzon” and “Sarizon bozi”, where complex movements and very bright mimics are used.

The folk dances and their peculiarities
Every region’s folk dances are distinctive in the manner of performance, costumes and musical illustration. Each folklore dance is a show, where dancer tells about culture, history and his region’s mode of life.
The brightest ones tend to be the folk dances of the Kashkadarya region. These dances are accompanied by the ancient songs and the skillful dancers’ performance. Here the passion, the flirt and the tension are present.
In these dances the ancient house utensils are frequently used, as wooden spoons, plates and jugs.
The Uzbek dances can be distinguished according to regions and somehow be different from one another. However, their main common element is a movement. Or more precisely – the life. The life in movement. When everything is clear without words…